Ferroglobe Reports Record Financial Performance in First Quarter 2022

Ferroglobe Reports Record Financial Performance in First Quarter 2022

LONDON, May 10, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Ferroglobe PLC (NASDAQ: GSM) (“Ferroglobe”, the “Company”, or the “Parent”), a leading producer globally of silicon metal, silicon-based and manganese-based specialty alloys, today announced results for the first quarter 2022.


  • Record Q1 2022 revenue of $715.3 million, up 26% over the prior quarter
  • Record Q1 2022 Adjusted EBITDA of $241.1 million, up 181.7% over the prior quarter
  • Adjusted EBITDA margin improvement of 125% to 33.7% in Q1 2022, up from 15.0% the prior quarter
  • Record net profit of $150.8 million compared to $50.0 million in Q4 2021
  • Record earnings per share (diluted) of $0.80, up from $0.27 per share the prior quarter
  • Improved liquidity with total cash of $176.0 million in Q1, up $59.3 million from the prior quarter


  • Record setting start to 2022 supported by robustness in pricing across all product categories
  • Further upside potential for top-line growth and margin expansion in Q2
  • Leveraging unique, global asset footprint to service global customers, locally
  • Quick actions taken to find and secure alternative sources of raw materials previously purchased from Russia
  • French Labor Administration has validated the agreement relating to the French restructuring
  • Restart of the second furnace at the Selma, Alabama facility is underway and expected by end of Q2; doubles the facility’s silicon metal annual production to 22,000 tons
  • Potential restart of the 55,000 ton silicon metal facility in Polokwane, South Africa currently under review

Dr. Marco Levi, Ferroglobe’s Chief Executive Officer, commented, “Our strong start in 2022 is the result of the solid fundamentals across our product portfolio, resetting of silicon metal contracts, and the numerous changes we are driving within the Company to improve our overall competitiveness. Collectively, these actions are translating into top-line growth and stronger margins, despite the inflationary pressures on our key inputs, in particular energy. The stellar results are also validation of the earnings potential of this business, and we look forward to building on this positive trajectory.”

“As we look at the year ahead, we will continue executing on our value creation plan, including the restructuring process implementation in France.   With a heavier weighting towards index-based pricing contracts this year, coupled with our continued cost cutting efforts, we expect this momentum in our financial performance to continue in the near-term. Furthermore, we are evaluating the restart of our silicon capacity in South Africa. Overall, our assets have experienced improved operating performance and, with the return of capex spending to historical levels, we expect to further strengthen our production capabilities,” concluded Dr. Levi.

First Quarter 2022 Financial Highlights

  Quarter Ended Quarter Ended Quarter Ended % %
$,000 (unaudited) March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021 March 31, 2021 Q/Q Y/Y
Sales $715,265  $569,771  $361,390   26%  98%
Raw materials and energy consumption for production $(340,555) $(371,519) $(250,165)  (8%)  36%
Operating profit (loss) $211,130  $55,885  $(44,183)  278%  578%
Operating margin  29.5%  9.8%  (12.2%)      
Adjusted net income (loss)
attributable to the parent
 $165,303  $37,038  $(18,172)  346%  1,010%
Adjusted diluted EPS $0.88  $0.18  $(0.10)      
Adjusted EBITDA $241,119  $85,580  $22,069   182%  993%
Adjusted EBITDA margin  33.7%  15.0%  6.1%      
Operating cash flow $65,908  $21,707  $18,277   204%  261%
Free cash flow1 $56,783  $14,249  $9,143   299%  521%
Working Capital $613,187  $464,870  $333,726   32%  84%
Working Capital as % of Sales2  21.4%  20.4%  23.1%      
Cash and Restricted Cash $176,022  $116,663  $78,298   51%  125%
Adjusted Gross Debt3 $518,093  $513,794  $418,646   1%  24%
Equity $475,477  $320,031  $298,974   49%  59%

(1) Free cash flow is calculated as operating cash flow plus investing cash flow
(2) Working capital based on annualized quarterly sales respectively
(3) Adjusted gross debt excludes bank borrowings on factoring program and impact of leasing standard IFRS16 at Mar 31, 2022; Dec. 31, 2021 & Mar 31, 2021


In the first quarter of 2022, Ferroglobe reported net sales of $715.3 million, up 26% over the prior quarter and up 98% over Q1 2021. The improvement in our first quarter results is primarily attributable to higher prices across our product portfolio, partially offset by lower volumes. The $146 million increase in sales over the prior quarter was primarily driven by silicon metal, which accounted for $125 million, and silicon alloys, which accounted for $46 million. The $22 million decrease in manganese alloys this quarter was expected and is attributable to lower shipments, as several factors led to unusually high shipments in Q4 2021.

Raw materials and energy consumption for production

Raw materials and energy consumption for production was $341 million in Q1 2022 versus $372 million in the prior quarter, a decline of 8%. As a percentage of sales, raw materials and energy consumption for production was 47.6% in the first quarter of 2022 versus 65.2% in the prior quarter. While we continued to face inflationary headwinds and the impact of the energy crisis, the increase in average realized prices more than offset the cost pressures. Energy in particular impacted the quarterly results by $14.5 million, of which Spain was only $4.3 million given the production curtailments.

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to the Parent

In Q1 2022, net profit attributable to the Parent was $151.2 million, or $0.80 per diluted share, compared to a net profit attributable to the Parent of $51.4 million, or $0.27 per diluted share in Q4 2021.

Adjusted EBITDA

In Q1 2022, Adjusted EBITDA was $241.1 million, or 33.7% of sales, an increase of 181.7% compared to adjusted EBITDA of $85.6 million, or 15.0% of sales in Q4 2021. The increase in the Q1 2022 Adjusted EBITDA is primarily attributable to higher average realized selling prices, particularly due to the silicon metal contracts resetting. Overall, the impact from pricing was $215.5 million, while the impact form volumes was negative $6.7 million. During the quarter, the impact of higher costs was $59.9 million, of which approximately half is attributable to higher input costs and another $14.5 million attributable to higher energy costs in France, the United States and Spain.

Total Cash

The total cash balance was $176.0 million as of March 31, 2022, up $59.3 million from $116.7 million as of December 31, 2021.

During Q1 2022, we generated positive operating cash flow of $65.9 million, had negative cash flow from investing activities of $9.1 million, and generated $2.6 million in cash flow from financing activities.

Total Working Capital

Total working capital was $613.2 million in the first quarter of 2022, increasing from $464.9 million at December 31, 2021. The $148.3 million increase in working capital was due primarily to a $118.9 million increase in accounts receivable as a result of higher sales, and a $72.5 million increase in inventory. On a relative basis, we successfully kept working capital as a percentage of sales flat during the first quarter at 21.4% in Q1 2022, compared to 20.4% during the prior quarter. This is largely attributable to the financial discipline introduced to our operations over the past year.

Beatriz García-Cos, Ferroglobe’s Chief Financial Officer, commented, “As we continue to improve on our top-line, margins and net profitability, cash generation is expected to accelerate. We have worked relentlessly the past few years to turnaround our financial performance and are now focused on ensuring that the Company remains competitive operationally and has a strong and flexible balance sheet. Hence, our top priorities for the year are to bolster liquidity and deploy our near-term cash flows towards significant debt repayment and reinvestment in our assets.”

Product Category Highlights

Silicon Metal

  Quarter Ended Quarter Ended   Quarter Ended   Twelve Months Ended
  March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021 Change March 31, 2021 Change December 31, 2021
Shipments in metric tons:  56,349   63,681  (11.5)%  61,275  (8.0)%  253,991 
Average selling price ($/MT):  5,552   2,944  88.6%  2,285  143.0%  2,511 
Silicon Metal Revenue ($,000)  312,850   187,477  66.9%  140,013  123.4%  637,695 
Silicon Metal Adj.EBITDA ($,000)  151,661   32,501  366.6%  14,762  927.4%  72,346 
Silicon Metal Adj.EBITDA Mgns  48.5%  17.3%    10.5%    11.3%

Silicon metal revenue in the first quarter was $312.9 million, an increase of 66.9% over the prior quarter. Total shipments of silicon metal decreased 11.5%. While demand from the chemical end-market remained strong, higher energy costs, particularly in Europe, led some aluminum producers to temporarily curtail production. Furthermore, we experienced a delay in the restart of the first furnace at the Selma, Alabama facility, adversely impacting our quarterly shipments, and faced a transportation strike in Spain which adversely impacted some shipments. Given the resetting of the prior fixed priced contracts, the average realized prices benefited significantly in Q1 2022. Adjusted EBITDA for silicon metal increased to $151.7 million during the first quarter, up 366.6% from $32.5 million the prior quarter.

Silicon-Based Alloys

  Quarter Ended Quarter Ended   Quarter Ended   Twelve Months Ended
  March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021 Change March 31, 2021 Change December 31, 2021
Shipments in metric tons:  57,594   60,078  (4.1)%  61,604  (6.5)%  242,766 
Average selling price ($/MT):  3,680   2,770  32.9%  1,665  121.0%  2,058 
Silicon-based Alloys Revenue ($,000)  211,946   166,439  27.3%  102,571  106.6%  499,584 
Silicon-based Alloys Adj.EBITDA ($,000)  78,411   51,174  53.2%  10,094  676.8%  81,022 
Silicon-based Alloys Adj.EBITDA Mgns  37.0%  30.7%    9.8%    16.2%

Silicon-based alloys revenue in the first quarter was $211.9 million, an increase of 27.3% over the prior quarter. The average realized selling price improve by 32.9%, benefiting from the significant increase in the index pricing during Q4 2021. Total shipments decreased 4.1%, primarily in Europe, due to lower production in Spain as a result of energy related curtailments, a production issue in South Africa which has since been addressed, and logistical issues in South Africa. The ferrosilicon market is directly impacted by the Russia-Ukraine war, and index pricing has improved during Q1 2022, which positively impacts our business in Q2 2022. Adjusted EBITDA for the silicon- based alloys portfolio increased to $78.4 million, up 53.2% from $51.2 million the prior quarter.

Manganese-Based Alloys

  Quarter Ended Quarter Ended   Quarter Ended   Twelve Months Ended
  March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021 Change March 31, 2021 Change December 31, 2021
Shipments in metric tons:  75,082   97,053  (22.6)%  72,609  3.4%  314,439 
Average selling price ($/MT):  1,925   1,720  11.9%  1,174  64.0%  1,492 
Manganese-based Alloys Revenue ($,000)  144,533   166,953  (13.4)%  85,243  69.6%  469,138 
Manganese-based Alloys Adj.EBITDA ($,000)  20,371   21,360  (4.6)%  10,174  100.2%  69,690 
Manganese-based Alloys Adj.EBITDA Mgns  14.1%  12.8%    11.9%    14.9%

Manganese-based alloy revenue in the first quarter was $144.5 million, a decrease of 13.4% over the prior quarter. Total shipments were in-line with management’s expectations as the Q4 2021 volumes reflect a one-off benefit of shipments which were carried over from the prior quarter. Averaged realized selling prices were positively impacted by the increase in index pricing in Q4 2021, which continued in Q1 2022. During the quarter, Adjusted EBITDA from our manganese-based alloys portfolio was $20.4 million, down 4.6% over the prior quarter as a result of lower volumes and higher input costs. Manganese-based alloys are also directly impacted by the Russia-Ukraine conflict. Since the start of the war at the end of February, the index price for manganese-alloys has increased with looming uncertainty around shipments from the region.


COVID-19 has been and continues to be a complex and evolving situation, with governments, public institutions and other organizations imposing or recommending, and businesses and individuals implementing, at various times and to varying degrees, restrictions on various activities or other actions to combat its spread, such as restrictions and bans on travel or transportation; limitations on the size of in-person gatherings, restrictions on freight transportations, closures of, or occupancy or other operating limitations on work facilities, and quarantines and lock-downs. COVID-19 and its consequences have significantly impacted and continue to impact our business, operations, and financial results. The extent to which COVID-19 impacts our business, operations, and financial results going forward will depend on the factors described above and numerous other evolving factors that we may not be able to accurately predict or assess, including the duration and scope of the COVID-19 pandemic; the effectiveness of vaccines or treatments; COVID-19’s impact on global and regional economies and economic activity, including the duration and magnitude of its impact on unemployment rates; its short and longer-term impact on the demand for our products, group business, and levels of customer confidence; the ability of our owners to successfully navigate the impacts of COVID-19; and how quickly economies, and demand recovers after the pandemic subsides.

COVID-19 has negatively impacted, and in the future may negatively impact to an extent we are unable to predict, our revenues. In addition, COVID-19 and its impact on global and regional economies, and the specialty chemical industry in particular, has made it difficult to obtain financing and has increased the probability that we will be unable or unwilling to service, repay or refinance existing indebtedness. If a significant number of our sales volumes are terminated as a result of bankruptcies, sales or foreclosures, our results of operations could be materially adversely affected. Also, testing our intangible assets or goodwill for impairments could result in additional charges, which could be material. For the reasons set forth above, COVID-19 has had and may in the future will have a material adverse effect on our business, operations, and financial condition.

Russia – Ukraine War

The recent outbreak of war between Russia and Ukraine has disrupted supply chains and caused instability in the global economy, while the United States and the European Union, among other countries, announced sanctions against Russia. The ongoing conflict could result in the imposition of further economic sanctions against Russia, and given Russia’s role as global exporter of metcoke, anthracite and electrodes, the Company’s business may be impacted. Currently, the Company’s charter contracts have not been affected by the events in Russia and Ukraine.

However, it is possible that in the future third parties with whom the Company has or will have charter contracts may be impacted by such events. Russia and Ukraine are meaningful producers of silicon metal, ferroalloys and manganese-based alloys, exporting into our markets. Management continually tracks developments in the conflict in Ukraine and actively manages our response to potential disruptions to the business.

Subsequent events

Agreement with the French Works Council

On May 4, 2022, the Company received validation from the French Labor Administration relating to a process that was initiated in April 2021 when Ferroglobe engaged the French Works Councils to discuss proposals for its asset optimization program designed to safeguard its long-term future in Europe.

Collectively, this agreement results in 195 potential job terminations and 35 employee transfers to other facilities.

Conference Call

Ferroglobe invites all interested persons to participate on its conference call at 8:30 AM, U.S. Eastern Daylight Time. Please dial-in at least five minutes prior to the call to register. The call may also be accessed via an audio webcast.

Date: May 11, 2022
Time: 8:30 AM EDT

Listen via Internet: https://edge.media-server.com/mmc/p/iyiino9i

United States: +1 877-870-9135 (conference ID: 5448396)
International: +1 646-741-3167 (conference ID: 5448396)

About Ferroglobe

Ferroglobe is one of the world’s leading suppliers of silicon metal, silicon- and manganese-based specialty alloys, and other ferroalloys serving a customer base across the globe in dynamic and fast-growing end markets, such as solar, automotive, consumer products, construction and energy. The Company is based in London. For more information, visit http://investor.ferroglobe.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

This release contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of U.S. securities laws. Forward-looking statements are not historical facts but are based on certain assumptions of management and describe the Company’s future plans, strategies and expectations. Forward-looking statements often use forward-looking terminology, including words such as “anticipate”, “believe”, “could”, “estimate”, “expect”, “forecast”, “guidance”, “intends”, “likely”, “may”, “plan”, “potential”, “predicts”, “seek”, “target”, “will” and words of similar meaning or the negative thereof.

Forward-looking statements contained in this press release are based on information currently available to the Company and assumptions that management believe to be reasonable, but are inherently uncertain. As a result, Ferroglobe’s actual results, performance or achievements may differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements, which are not guarantees of future performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that are, in some cases, beyond the Company’s control.

Forward-looking financial information and other metrics presented herein represent the Company’s goals and are not intended as guidance or projections for the periods referenced herein or any future periods.

All information in this press release is as of the date of its release. Ferroglobe does not undertake any obligation to update publicly any of the forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect new information, events or circumstances arising after the date of this press release. You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which are made only as of the date of this press release.

Non-IFRS Measures

This document may contain summarised, non-audited or non-GAAP financial information. The information contained herein should therefore be considered as a whole and in conjunction with all the public information regarding the Company available, including any other documents released by the Company that may contain more detailed information.Adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, adjusted net profit, adjusted profit per share, working capital and net debt, are non-IFRS financial metrics that management uses in its decision making. Ferroglobe has included these financial metrics to provide supplemental measures of its performance. The Company believes these metrics are important and useful to investors because they eliminate items that have less bearing on the Company’s current and future operating performance and highlight trends in its core business that may not otherwise be apparent when relying solely on IFRS financial measures.


Gaurav Mehta
Executive Vice President – Investor Relations 
Email:   investor.relations@ferroglobe.com


Cristina Feliu Roig
Executive Director – Communications & Public Affairs
Email:   corporate.comms@ferroglobe.com

Ferroglobe PLC and Subsidiaries
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Income Statement
(in thousands of U.S. dollars, except per share amounts)
  Quarter Ended Quarter Ended Quarter Ended Year Ended
  March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021 March 31, 2021 December 31, 2021
Sales $715,265  $569,771  $361,390  $1,778,908 
Raw materials and energy consumption for production  (340,555)  (371,519)  (250,165)  (1,184,896)
Other operating income  23,008   39,619   1,913   110,085 
Staff costs  (81,986)  (72,068)  (95,267)  (280,917)
Other operating expense(1)  (83,176)  (87,015)  (36,835)  (296,809)
Depreciation and amortization charges, operating allowances and write-downs  (21,109)  (24,549)  (25,285)  (97,328)
Impairment gain     497      137 
Other gain (loss)  (317)  1,149   66   2,206 
Operating profit (loss)  211,130   55,885   (44,183)  31,386 
Net finance expense(2)  (12,455)  (18,516)  (15,864)  (148,936)
Financial derivatives gain            
Exchange differences  (4,393)  9,876   (9,314)  (2,386)
Profit (loss) before tax  194,282   47,245   (69,361)  (119,936)
Income tax benefit (loss)  (43,495)  2,789   844   4,562 
Profit (loss) for the period  150,787   50,034   (68,517)  (115,374)
Loss attributable to non-controlling interest  376   1,412   1,135   4,750 
Profit (loss) attributable to the parent $151,163  $51,446  $(67,382) $(110,624)
EBITDA $232,239  $80,434  $(18,898) $128,714 
Adjusted EBITDA $241,119  $85,580  $22,069  $179,330 
Weighted average shares outstanding            
Basic  187,408   187,358   169,291   176,508 
Diluted  188,583   188,587   169,291   176,508 
Profit (loss) per ordinary share            
Basic $0.81  $0.27  $(0.40) $(0.63)
Diluted $0.80  $0.27  $(0.40) $(0.63)

(1) The earn-out provision was updated in the 20F filing. The calibration of the econometric model used to estimate the provision was adjusted by the independent expert
(2) This includes the valuation of effect consequence of classifying the entire Reindus loan as short-term. See next page for further explanations

Ferroglobe PLC and Subsidiaries
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Financial Position
(in thousands of U.S. dollars)
  March 31, December 31, March 31
  2022 2021 2021
Non-current assets            
Goodwill $29,702  $29,702  $29,702 
Other intangible assets  188,407   100,642   25,891 
Property, plant and equipment  548,862   554,914   593,355 
Other non-current financial assets  3,977   4,091   4,984 
Deferred tax assets  246   7,010   620 
Non-current receivables from related parties  1,665   1,699   2,345 
Other non-current assets  18,819   18,734   11,765 
Non-current restricted cash and cash equivalents  2,220   2,272    
Total non-current assets  793,898   719,064   668,662 
Current assets            
Inventories  362,298   289,797   228,145 
Trade and other receivables  499,953   381,073   276,633 
Current receivables from related parties  2,784   2,841   3,063 
Current income tax assets  408   7,660   12,277 
Other current financial assets  203   104   1,004 
Other current assets  11,838   8,408   45,028 
Current restricted cash and cash equivalents        6,069 
Cash and cash equivalents  173,802   114,391   78,298 
Total current assets  1,051,286   804,274   650,517 
Total assets $1,845,184  $1,523,338  $1,319,179 
Equity $475,477  $320,031  $298,974 
Non-current liabilities            
Deferred income  70,699   895   2,733 
Provisions  57,858   60,958   106,220 
Bank borrowings  3,360   3,670   5,042 
Lease liabilities  10,636   9,968   11,942 
Debt instruments  404,954   404,938   347,310 
Other financial liabilities(1)  38,674   4,549   37,530 
Other Obligations(2)  37,241   38,082   15,205 
Other non-current liabilities(2)     1,476   1,522 
Deferred tax liabilities  35,423   25,145   26,834 
Total non-current liabilities  658,845   549,681   554,338 
Current liabilities            
Provisions  159,386   137,625   97,521 
Bank borrowings  95,359   95,297   73,965 
Lease liabilities  7,869   8,390   7,596 
Debt instruments  6,382   35,359   2,656 
Other financial liabilities(1)  62,141   62,464   24,983 
Payables to related parties  8,685   9,545   5,042 
Trade and other payables  249,064   206,000   171,052 
Current income tax liabilities  21,208   1,775   3,947 
Other Obligations(2)  18,369   22,843   4,841 
Other current liabilities(2)  82,399   74,328   74,264 
Total current liabilities  710,862   653,626   465,867 
Total equity and liabilities $1,845,184  $1,523,338  $1,319,179 

(1) On January 25, 2022, the Ministry opened a hearing to decide on reimbursement of the loan. The company presented its allegations on February 15, 2022. Based on those allegations, the reimbursement procedure has been suspended and a new final report is expected to be made by the Ministry by the end of 2022 ending the administrative procedure and establishing the definitive amount of the partial reimbursement to be made. However, for accounting purposes the entire loan was considered short-term
(2) In 2021 we disaggregated “Other liabilities” into an additional line to the balance sheet “Other obligations“ to separately present certain contractual obligations whose nature and function differs from other items presented in the “Other liabilities line”, so as to allow a better understanding of the Company´s financial position.

Ferroglobe PLC and Subsidiaries
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows
  Quarter Ended Quarter Ended Quarter Ended Year Ended
  March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021 March 31, 2021 December 31, 2021
Cash flows from operating activities:            
Profit (loss) for the period $150,787  $50,034  $(68,517) $(115,374)
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) profitto net cash used by operating activities:            
Income tax (benefit) expense  43,495   (2,789)  (844)  (4,562)
Depreciation and amortization charges, operating allowances and write-downs  21,109   24,549   25,285   97,328 
Net finance expense  12,455   18,516   15,864   148,936 
Financial derivatives loss (gain)            
Exchange differences  4,393   (9,876)  9,314   2,386 
Impairment losses     (497)     (137)
Net loss (gain) due to changes in the value of asset  (6)  (70)  (21)  (758)
Gain on disposal of non-current assets  302      (43)  (1,386)
Share-based compensation  1,807   1,464   213   3,627 
Other adjustments  21   (1,080)  (2)  (62)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities            
(Increase) decrease in inventories  (73,611)  (11,137)  11,446   (60,296)
(Increase) decrease in trade receivables  (121,767)  (83,434)  (41,692)  (161,434)
Increase (decrease) in trade payables  40,073   12,908   26,152   64,382 
Other  (12,463)  26,037   41,179   29,803 
Income taxes paid  (687)  (2,918)  (57)  (3,794)
Interest paid            
Net cash provided (used) by operating activities  65,908   21,707   18,277   (1,341)
Cash flows from investing activities:            
Interest and finance income received  68   23   35   207 
Payments due to investments:            
Acquisition of subsidiary            
Other intangible assets        (3,486)   
Property, plant and equipment  (9,193)  (10,480)  (5,683)  (27,597)
Disposal of subsidiaries            
Other non-current assets     1,376      1,919 
Other     1,623      1,623 
Net cash (used) provided by investing activities  (9,125)  (7,458)  (9,134)  (23,848)
Cash flows from financing activities:            
Dividends paid            
Payment for debt and equity issuance costs        (6,598)  (43,755)
Proceeds from equity issuance           40,000 
Proceeds from debt issuance  (4,943)        60,000 
Increase/(decrease) in bank borrowings:            
Borrowings  244,164   221,587   127,690   659,083 
Payments  (237,627)  (210,902)  (157,464)  (671,467)
Proceeds from stock option exercises            
Amounts paid due to leases  (2,518)  (2,617)  (2,856)  (11,232)
Other amounts received/(paid) due to financing activities  38,298          
Payments to acquire or redeem own shares            
Interest paid  (34,799)  (704)  (17,015)  (22,177)
Net cash (used) provided by financing activities  2,575   7,364   (56,243)  10,452 
Total net cash flows for the period  59,358   21,613   (47,100)  (14,737)
Beginning balance of cash and cash equivalents  116,663   95,043   131,557   131,557 
Exchange differences on cash and cash equivalents in foreign currencies  1   7   (90)  (157)
Ending balance of cash and cash equivalents $176,022  $116,663  $84,367  $116,663 
Cash from continuing operations  173,802   114,391   78,298   114,391 
Current/Non-current restricted cash and cash equivalents  2,220   2,272   6,069   2,272 
Cash and restricted cash in the statement of financial position $176,022  $116,663  $84,367  $116,663 

Adjusted EBITDA ($,000):            
  Quarter Ended Quarter Ended Quarter Ended Year Ended
  March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021 March 31, 2021 December 31, 2021
Profit (loss) attributable to the parent $151,163  $51,446  $(67,382) $(110,624)
Profit (loss) for the period from discontinued operations            
Profit (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest  (376)  (1,412)  (1,135)  (4,750)
Income tax (benefit) expense  43,495   (2,789)  (844)  (4,562)
Net finance expense  12,455   18,516   15,864   148,936 
Financial derivatives loss (gain)            
Exchange differences  4,393   (9,876)  9,314   2,386 
Depreciation and amortization charges, operating allowances and write-downs  21,109   24,549   25,285   97,328 
EBITDA  232,239   80,434   (18,898)  128,714 
Impairment     (497)     (137)
Restructuring and termination costs  5,909   455   36,588   27,368 
New strategy implementation  2,971   5,188   4,379   22,700 
Energy:  France            
Staff Costs:  South Africa            
Other Idling Costs            
Pension Plan buyout           685 
Provision Ithaka            
Adjusted EBITDA $241,119  $85,580  $22,069  $179,330 

Adjusted profit attributable to Ferroglobe ($,000):             
  Quarter Ended Quarter Ended Quarter Ended Year Ended
  March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021 March 31, 2021 December 31, 2021
Profit (loss) attributable to the parent $151,163  $51,446  $(67,382) $(110,624)
Tax rate adjustment  6,931   (17,907)  21,352   33,818 
Impairment     (338)     (93)
Restructuring and termination costs  4,797   309   24,880   18,610 
New strategy implementation  2,412   3,528   2,978   15,436 
Energy:  France            
Energy: South Africa            
Staff Costs:  South Africa            
Other Idling Costs            
Tolling agreement            
Bargain purchase gain            
Gain on sale of hydro plant assets            
Share-based compensation            
Pension Plan buyout           466 
Adjusted profit (loss) attributable to the parent $165,303  $37,038  $(18,172) $(42,387)

Adjusted diluted profit per share:             
  Quarter Ended Quarter Ended Quarter Ended Year Ended
  March 31, 2022 December 31, 2021 March 31, 2021 December 31, 2021
Diluted profit (loss) per ordinary share $0.80  $0.27  $(0.40) $(0.63)
Tax rate adjustment  0.04   (0.11)  0.13   0.20 
Impairment     (0.00)     (0.00)
Restructuring and termination costs  0.03   0.00   0.15   0.11 
New strategy implementation  0.01   0.02   0.02   0.09 
Energy:  France            
Staff Costs:  South Africa            
Other Idling Costs            
Restructuring and termination costs            
Tolling agreement            
Bargain purchase gain            
Gain on sale of hydro plant assets            
Share-based compensation            
Pension Plan buyout           0.00 
Adjusted diluted profit (loss) per ordinary share $0.88  $0.18  $(0.10) $(0.23)